Legal Experts Confirm that a U.S. President Can Still be Indicted When No Longer In Office

A U.S. president currently holding office becomes an ordinary citizen once he or she steps down from said government position. Once out of the Oval Office, an ex-president can be indicted if further investigations of any purported wrongdoings during his tenure as president of the United States, draw further evidence that he or she is guilty of having committed related criminal acts.

This legal matter cropped up last July 24, 2019, after former FBI head Robert Mueller testified in a 7-hour long Congressional hearing.  To queries raised by lawmakers regarding the culpability of Trump, former Special Counsel Mueller testified that Donald Trump could be charged once he is no longer in office.

Key Points to Consider about Mueller’s Testimony

The former FBI head made it clear that:

Trump could be indicted to face charges after he leaves office, which is quite different from the Democrats’ general analysis that the Mueller Report provides basis for filing impeachment charges against Donald Trump.

Even before he answered questions, the former FBI head had made it clear that in the Mueller Report, which read as ”we did not reach a determination as to whether the president committed a crime,” did not mean exoneration of any misdeeds that seemingly involved Donald Trump.

Robert Mueller testified that according to the Office of Legal Counsel (OLC)) of the Department of Justice, a prosecutor cannot file charges against a sitting president. The main reasons for this ruling include deference for impeachment proceedings, and the need to keep the head of the government, free from distractions while performing important duties.

Still, the ruling also states that the prosecutor can continue the investigation to determine if other persons, including the president, might be involved in an established conspiracy; such as the proven case of Russian interference in the 2016 presidential elections.

Legal Experts Confirm Mueller’s Testimony

The website Punditfact referred the aforesaid matter to legal experts who gave the following opinion:

Mark Osler, a Law Professor at the University of St. Thomas.agreed with Mueller, saying that

Once a president is out of office, both deference to impeachment and the need to avoid distraction from his or her important duties as chief executive, evaporate as primary reasons to avoid prosecution.”

Josh Chafetz, a Law Professor at Cornell University likewise agreed with Mueller; stating that

”Arguments based on the supposed position of the president at the top of the prosecutorial hierarchy, also lose force for former presidents

.

Diane Marie Amann, a Law Professor at the University of Georgia voiced the same opinion; pointing out the line in the Justice Department ruling that says the prohibition to indict a sitting president fades, when he or she leaves office.

Statute of Limitations Applicable to the Ruling on Indictment of Ex-Presidents

If continuing investigations into alleged criminal acts provide basis for indicting a former president, any charges filed against that ex-president must be made within five (5) years. This is in line with the Statute of Limitations applicable to federal charges of obstruction of justice filed by a government administration against a former U.S. president.

However, the statutes have exceptions to which Congress can in theory, extend the time limit to prosecute the former chief executive. Still, if the present administration of the government chooses not to file charges within 5 years, then that former head of state becomes exempt from prosecution.

Game Laws – What do they exist?

Game Camera World gives hunters reviews and guides on which are the best trail cameras, how to care for them, and how to effectively use them. These could be very helpful to both experienced and amateur hunters. However, being a good hunter is not only about gears and techniques, it is also about being aware of the laws and regulations for hunting as well as understanding it clearly.

Game Laws – What are they?

These are statutes wherein the right to track and seize or kill specific types of fish as well as wild animals (also called game) are regulated. Their range could include:

  • Limiting the number of days to gather or harvest fish or game
  • Controlling the quantity of animals for every person
  • Restricting the kind of species to be harvested
  • Limiting the type of weapons as well as fishing gear utilized in harvesting fish or game

Generally, fishermen, hunters, and legislators concur that the intentions of such statutes is to create and maintain a balance in the preservation, conservation and harvest of both wildlife (game) and fish, which is a necessity. Moreover, game laws are a way of controlling and managing the environment as well as the populations of game and fish. They could also furnish a lawful structure to impose and collect fees for license and other monetary resources which is utilized to finance efforts and initiatives for conservation and to acquire material and information regarding harvest utilized in the practices for wildlife management.

The Lacey Act

Throughout the United States’ early history, insignificant or no interest was given to the devastation of birds and other wildlife. A law that was passed in 1817 in Massachusetts was perhaps the earliest law concerning this matter, wherein it established closed seasons for particular birds and animals that were hunted as game. Ultimately, whether of woodland, field, prairie, or stream, wild game turned out to be protected better. Every state has passed their own game laws and almost all of the states established a commission for game and fish commission as well as game wardens.

The Lacey Act of 1900 (Lacey Act) is a national conservation law wherein that forbids the trade of fish, wildlife, and plants that were unlawfully obtained, owned, transported, or peddled.

Instituted into the US Congress by Iowa Republican Rep. John F. Lacey, the Act was signed on May 25, 1900 by Pres. William McKinley turning in a law. It aims to safeguard both flora and fauna by setting civil and criminal penalizations for individuals who go against the regulations and rules. The law empowers the Interior Secretary to help in the restoration of birds and game in places within United States where they have come to be rare, endangered or extinct. The Lacey Act is still in force and amended several times.

The Legality of Cannabis and Its Aphrodisiac Qualities

Various studies are beginning to associate cannabis and sexual desire and pleasure. Results show some interesting details. However, it seems that the aphrodisiac properties of cannabis are only in small to average quantities.

But, the real question is the true connection of cannabis and sex? Does cannabis belong to the myaphrodisiacs list? Here are some ideas and information that might help in seeking the answer for this question.

Cannabis and the libido

The effect of cannabis in enhancing the sex drive is still not clear. However, there are information that seems to be true.

Users of marijuana that consume the plant on a regular basis seem to have more sex. This is mainly because of the compounds present in marijuana. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, a THC cannabinoid, acts to target the area of the brain that is responsible in sexual desire.

Moreover, the human’s endocannabinoid system regulates the body’s natural pleasure, relaxation, pain, and homeostasis state. The cannabinoid compounds may produce elevated desire and enjoyable sex performances.

The Compounds in Cannabis: THC and CBD

More than 100 plant cannabinoids are present in marijuana. All of which are its active components. Among others, the THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is the popular compound present on it. The psychotropic effect of cannabis is generally due to the THC compound.

Another compound present is the CBD. However, it does not cause euphoria. That’s the reason it is used legally for medical purpose in almost 46 countries.

Moreover, there are various products available in the market that promise to enhance the sex life. Mostly, these products contain CBD and not THC. Because of this, topical creams, ointments, and lubricants only focus on exhibiting an anti-inflammatory effect.

Legality of Cannabis

At this point in time, the use of marijuana is legal in nine states in the US. Furthermore, marijuana for medicinal use is legal. There are various health laws and health policy.

However, despite of its state legality, consumers may still encounter ethical and legal concerns. In addition, cannabis is not your one drug for all. At the same time, it may not address the sources of sexual dysfunction.

On the other hand, to legally discover if cannabis can boost the libido and sex life, you may find out that marijuana is more than something that can heightened your life.

For centuries, cannabis is one of those aphrodisiacs utilize by many cultures. Usage of cannabis for sexual health are popularized among the cultures of Germany and Africa.

Apostille Service for Legalization of your Documents

The apostille certificate verifies the record to which it is connected is accurate and has been assessed by the appropriate authority in its country of origin. After this legal certification was connected the record is legalised for use abroad and will be approved by police in countries that have joined the Hague Convention.

Is an apostille required?

You might require an apostille certificate as soon as an overseas business or government body has asked that you’ve got a record legalised as evidence of its validity.

Frequent examples when You Might Need to legalise your record include:

  • Qualification documents when trying to operate overseas
  • Registering a birth in a different state
  • Birth certificates and certificates of no impediment for union overseas
  • Education records for global students returning to their home nation
  • Contracts, affidavits and powers of attorney for UK residents wishing buy property overseas or enter into legal
    arrangements
  • Company records when trading globally Opening an individual or company bank accounts abroad

Ways to have an apostille stamp?

In the us,  the apostille certification is a paper attachment that’s fixed permanently for your files by the State Office. If you’re in new york then, go to an Apostille in New York or somewhere near you. There are lots of service providers that may help you with your own legalisation. This makes the process a whole lot easier and is the fastest option in most conditions.

No matter your reason for having an apostille stamp or seal contact with an apostille service supplier for free information. You might just require an apostille after so make sure that your get it .