Commercial law: Criminal, public and private legal norms and measures

Commercial law covers all those private, criminal, and public measures and legal norms with which the state affected people involved in economic life and their relationships with one another.

Business law includes the legal basis of economic policy. And business law can apply to all kinds of businesses such as https://www.mastergroups.com.au/services/landscaping-services/.

Therefore, commercial law includes:

  • economic constitutional law
  • economic administrative law
  • private business law
  • commercial criminal law

Of course, in a globalized world economy, there is also international business law.

Economic constitutional law

The Basic Law does not prescribe any particular form of economy for the Federal Republic. The idea of ​​deriving an obligation to present state-controlled collectivism from the welfare state principle of the Basic Law remained a minor opinion.

Concrete constitutional requirements for economic life, however, are of great practical importance.

Economic administrative law

The state manages economic life in a number of ways. In addition, this happens through direct sovereign intervention, which is thus part of the administrative law. The state can impact economic life both by regulating precise individual cases through administrative acts) and by issuing abstract general norms (ordinances). Since administrative acts and ordinances are dependent on the principle of legal reservation, generally legal authorization is required for this.

The private commercial law

There is no special commercial law that has been designated or enacted by the legislature.

The regulations of commercial legal protection (copyright, trademark law, patent law, design law, etc.) are becoming increasingly important. In the EU states, national private commercial law, as well as national commercial law in general, is increasingly being supplemented and partially superseded by European commercial law. This applies in particular to the area of ​​consumer protection law.

Commercial criminal law

When it comes to white-collar crime, one normally thinks of fraud and embezzlement or bribery or corruption. In connection with the development of environmental criminal law, the manufacturing industry can increasingly also be targeted by public prosecutors. The real entrepreneurial decision-making stayed outside of the criminal investigation.

In addition, there is a constantly expanding secondary criminal law, which meanwhile hardly leaves any industry untouched and brings with it far-reaching criminal provisions.