Have you ever wondered why you need a law? Our lives are protected by many laws. We also know that we must not break the law, and we live in compliance with the law. No one tells us what the law is and why we need it, even though we must not violate it. We live with somehow understanding, without having the right knowledge of the law.
Difference between constitution and law
The simple difference between the Constitution and the law is that the Constitution is the law for the people and the law is the law for the country. In contrast to the law in which state power governs the people, the Constitution is a rule for limiting state power in order to protect the rights and freedoms of the people. The Constitution is the highest law of the country and is above the law.
Therefore, the law must be in line with what is stipulated in the Constitution. The Constitution is not so conscious in our daily lives, but it exerts its power over the state power that limits the rights and freedoms of the people by law and indirectly protects our lives.
Difference between civil law and criminal law
I think many people have heard the names of civil law and criminal law. Civil law is a law that regulates relationships between individuals, and criminal law is a law that regulates crime and punishment.
Civil law and criminal law are different dimensions. In the case of fraud, for example, there are provisions in both criminal and civil law. The criminal law gives the perpetrator the right to punish the perpetrator, but there is no provision that the fraud must be returned to the victim. This is because the Penal Code stipulates the punishment rights of the state. The right to recover what has been stolen is stipulated in the Civil Code. Of course, there is no priority in civil law and criminal law.
What is commercial law?
Both the Civil Code and the Commercial Code stipulate the discipline of private human beings, but it is this Commercial Code that is stipulated to deal with social problems that are becoming more complicated with the times. The Commercial Code applies to transactions with merchants, and the Civil Code applies to transactions with friends who do not. In addition, the Commercial Code has a special law called the Companies Act. While the Commercial Code is a basic law concerning individual commercial activities, not limited to companies, the Companies Act is a law concerning companies.
Why the law is needed
In reality, there are many other laws, So why do we need a law? Consider the case where there was no law. These are things that we can take for granted and restrain ourselves as “what we should not do”, but by clearly stating crime as a law, we distinguish between crime and non-crime.