In order for the law to work, a clear distribution of roles is required, creating a so-called superordinate and subordinate relationship, a subordination relationship.
What are the main functions of law?
Law regulates coexistence and prevents chaos in large societies. It is precisely the written law that enables societies to continue to grow and maintain social order.
Law and statute become necessary in the social network when the social norms, which derive their effectiveness from personal contact between those involved, are no longer sufficient to ensure regular coexistence.
Law protects and liberates the individual. Freedom through order, one could say from this perspective. That is the downside of the organizational function. By ordering, it restricts on the one hand but also frees and protects against attacks by others, who are also restricted.
Law prevents violence
In terms of conflict, law is a program to prevent violence through the monopoly of violence.
Legal proceedings, for example, are first and foremost proceedings to prevent violence if claims under private law are not satisfied. Here, the dispute is resolved in an orderly legal process without violence and a binding decision is made.
Law controls by encouraging or prohibiting the behavior. With a corresponding duration, valid and enforced law creates legal conviction, or at least legal awareness, from legal obedience.
Law not only controls, but it is also controlled. The law makes adjustments, is capable of development, even if it is “naturally” conservative. Some lawyers buy youtube likes to promote their services.
Law limits itself
Law not only shows guidelines to the addressee but also the sender’s limitations. In this sense, every authorization basis (of the legislator) is at the same time a basis for claims (of the person subject to the law against the legislator).
In any case, the law offers opening and enabling, but also limiting and restricting effects for everyone involved.
Law secures expectations that are justified in a legalized society. Law acts here as a behavioral safeguard for social order. It helps people and organizations to come into contact and trade, especially with strangers.
In that the law provides for an order, it is forced to establish it and straighten out other ideas. Law without enforcement is almost unthinkable. In judging, things are balanced and liberated, shaped and educated and ultimately reorganized. If the law wants to be effective law, there must be the ability to enforce it by force if necessary.